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2018 40th Anniversary year
Honorary President -
Keith’s Monthly Newsletter
Styles Part 3
Cascade and Semi-
A second requirement of both styles is that the trunk should begin to cascade immediately above the nebari (root spread). This makes good aesthetic sense. A trunk that grows vertically before arching over the rim of the pot is not only unnatural, but also leads the eye on an unnecessary, and boring journey before arriving at the focus of the image -
I have referred to the need of making cascading bonsai natural. But how natural is it for a fully cascading tree to start life on level ground like the surface of a pot. Such trees in the Alps or the Pyrenees are clinging to steep or even vertical surfaces. Since the introduction of less traditional crescent pots and other planting methods, the freedom to create more natural, original and exciting designs has increased, albeit at the expense of classicism. By planting a tree on a steep or near-
Returning to the classic style again, just how should the trunk begin its downward movement? Let’s look at nature again for some ideas. If the tree is growing on a horizontal surface, one can reasonably assume that its roots are stable enough to support a more or less vertical trunk, unlike one growing on a cliff face for example. So if we can’t use the angle of emergence as an excuse, we must resort to rockfalls or the weight of snow. Rockfalls are unlikely since the tree is growing on a horizontal surface and they don’t exist in areas where rockfalls occur.
In the mountains all the trees are short and wide with very low branches, sometimes forced right to the ground. If a tree is growing on a ledge, the overhanging branches would eventually be forced below the edge. The trunk would still remain more or less vertical but very short and compressed. In other words, the tree would still retain a crown. This leads directly into another requirement of classical cascading styles, they must have a crown directly above the roots.
The final classical requirement of a full cascade style is that the inverted apex, the lowest point, should be directly below the point at which the trunk emerges from the ground. Although this rule is designed to achieve visual stability and balance, it flies in the face of nature and can therefore defeat the object of the style if not executed with care .
Horticulturally, the lowest foliage mass should be substantially greater than the crown, in order to maintain a balanced energy distribution. The deeper the cascade, the harder it becomes to achieve this balance. Eventually the only way to maintain a really deep cascade is to remove the crown entirely. Without the design and horticultural restrictions imposed by the need for a crown, and the illogical need to position the inverted apex centrally, the creative possibilities become immense.
Combine this with the freedom of choice of container and planting angle and they are almost infinite.
Although it is only very rarely possible to follow these rules to the letter, tradition states that they should be aspired to at all time. Having said this, it is also true that many of the most admired bonsai in the world break the rules in some way.
I personally prefer a more relaxed and inspirational approach to bonsai, reflecting the more liberal western approach to life in general. However, the rules governing the classic styles are extremely useful to know since they enable Bonsai enthusiasts to describe their trees to one another, and they help the beginner to create an aesthetically pleasing design without unnecessary frustration.
Once you have gained a little experience you can break the rules at will and let your own creativity run free.
Solent Bonsai Society
40th Anniversary Year 1978 -
Honorary President Peter Chan
Hi all Solent Bonsai Society members and friends.
The Meeting on May 25th May will be a workshop/talk on Air Layering. Please bring trees.
Club show 3rd June
We would like as many club members as possible to bring trees, all trees will go on display, and it is a chance to get used to showing your trees.
When showing trees the two main rules to remember are: -
Display stands and accents if you have them but don’t worry, if you don’t have them just bring your trees.
Also on June 10th is the Eastbourn Show. See details below.
Solent will have a display at the Church of the Resurrection, Drayton on Saturday 23rd June and is open to the public from 1.30pm to 4.00pm. For information please see me.
The Meeting on 29th June is a Workshop, Pruning, Wiring. Please bring trees.
Tree of the Month
April TotM results
1st Keith Hartley Japanese Deshojo Maple. 2nd Sean Nutbeam larch. 3rd Enid Jones crabapple
Shows in 2018
Solent Bonsai Society
Sunday 3th June 2018, Club 40th Anniversary summer show, 10am to 4 pm, Entrance Free.
Wallington Village Hall, Broadcut, Fareham. PO16 8ST
Please don’t forget bring along family and friends, all are welcome.
Eastbourne & Wealdon Show 2018
Solent will be exhibiting at the Eastbourne & Wealdon Bonsai Club show
on Sunday 10th June 2018
it is held at:-
Admission: £2.50 1000-
Details can be found at the following Internet site www.eandwbonsaiclub.co.uk
Salisbury Bonsai 30th Anniversary Show 2018
Solent will be exhibiting at the Salisbury Bonsai 30th Anniversary Show 1st July 2018
Salisbury Auction Centre, Netherhampton Road, Salisbury, Wiltshire. SP2 8RH
Admission: tba, Time 1000-
Details can be found at the following Internet site www.salisburybonsaisociety.co.uk
Chichester Bonsai Club Show 2018
Solent will be exhibiting, 7 th & 8th July 2018 at Manor Nursery, Pagham Road, Runcron, Chichester. PO20 1LJ
Free Admission 1000-
Great Sunday lunch (you have to book).
This is a great show and is a good opportunity to show your trees as there is a very large display area for each club. If you would like to show a tree/trees please let Rob or I know, have a go.
Wallington, Fareham Village Fete on Saturday 14th July 2018
Solent Bonsai Society will be showing at the fete. It takes place at Wallington Water Meadows in Standard Way, Fareham. from 1:30pm to 4:30pm Admission Free.
29th July 2018 Sunday Staverton Bonsai Table Top Sale
There is a bonsai car boot sale on 29th July at Staverton Club the address is
39 Staverton, Trowbridge, Wiltshire. BA14 6PA which will have many trees, pots, etc for sale
Community Woodfair Show on Saturday 1st September 2018
Solent and Eastleigh Bonsai Society's have been invited to bring some indigenous bonsai to the show.
The show is not a bonsai show but a show that promotes woodcrafts etc. and should be worth a visit in September, it is held at:-
The Heathrow Bonsai Show 21st October 2018
Solent’s last bonsai show of the year is The Heathrow Bonsai Show on 21st October 2018,
it is held at:-
The Harlington sports centre, Pinkwell Lane, Harlington, Middlesex. UB3 1PB
The show open to public 1000-
This is an excellent show and well worth attending, there are 38 clubs exhibiting bonsai and viewing stones, 25 traders. All Day Refreshments available.
More information can be found at www.heathrowbonsai.weebley.com
Other Local Club Meetings in our area.
Eastleigh Bonsai Society meets on second Monday of the month start at 7:30pm, the next meeting is on Monday 11th June 2018 WTalk by Collette Harrison
Chichester Bonsai Society meet on second Thursday of the month start 7:30pm, the next meeting is on Thursday 14th June 2018 Bonsai Quiz Night (Random Teams of 4 Max)
For more information on Chichester Bonsai Club go to www.chichesterbonsai.co.uk
All the clubs in the area support each other. If anyone would like more information on other local clubs please let me know.
Look forward to seeing you all on the 29th May at the Workshop/Air Layer Talk.
Secretary Solent Bonsai Society
Once again, at our last meeting, Amelia gave a very informative talk on tropical bonsai, which I believe everyone enjoyed, it gave us an insight into the best way to growing tropical bonsai, I sure many of us will be rushing out to buy suitable tropical plants, I know I will.
Wessex Show Report
For the second year running Solent won the Bellinger trophy, which is contested between three Bonsai clubs Eastleigh, Wessex and Solent, we had a good display with a yamadori Hawthorn, Japanese Deshojo red maple and a European Hornbeam group all displayed on Tables provided by Rob.
Solent won the Bellinger trophy
The Solent’s club display had trees from Rob, Arthur, Eddie and myself and consisted of three larger trees, a Silver Birch, Trident Maple group, twin trunk Dunkeld Larch and three small trees, a Rhododendron indicum, Cotoneaster and Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Green Globe’ plus various accents, I hope we put up a good display representing our club.
Solent Bonsai Display at Wessex
Arthur, Eddie and I also had separate display trees in the main hall, but not in the competition, Arthur had a weeping cedar, Eddie an informl upright larch and I had a Japanese larch group.
A couple of other interesting
Trees at Wessex.
A Viburnum and
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